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July 20, 2010

Brief Summary of World Wind Energy Stats 2009


 

Feed Laws Lead

  • Feed Laws produced ~1/2 of world wind capacity
  • ¾ California wind capacity from Feed Law

World Wind 2009

  • ~150,000 MW Total
  • ~40,000 MW added in 2009
  • ~300 TWh/yr
  • 20-40% Growth/yr
  • 50% Europe; 25% North America; Asia, 25%

Major Fleets

  • USA: 35,000 MW
  • Germany: 26,000 MW
  • China: 26,000 MW
  • Spain: ~19,000 MW
  • India: 11,000 MW
  • Denmark: 3,500 MW

Growth in Major Markets 2004-2008

  • China: 14,000 MW/yr
  • USA: 10,000 MW/yr
  • Spain: 2,500 MW/yr
  • Germany: 1,900 MW/yr
  • India: 1,300 MW/yr
  • France: 1,000 MW/yr
  • Italy: 1,000 MW/yr
  • Britain: 1,000 MW/yr
  • Canada: 1,000 MW/yr

Wind Penetration 2009

  • Denmark: 21%
  • Spain: 14.3%
  • Portugal: 15.3%
  • Germany 2008: 6.5%
  • California: 1.5-2.5%

German Wind

  • 90,000 jobs
  • 70% of turbines exported
  • 45 TWh/2009
  • w/ repowering on land another 10,000 MW
  • ~150 TWh on land or ~25% of generation by 2020 (BEE)

German Renewables

  • 310,000 jobs
  • 16.1% of supply
  • 94 TWh/yr

4,000 MW Club

  • France,
  • Portugal,
  • Britain, and
  • Italy

Costs

  • US$1,500-2,000/kW
  • siting costs (birds & bats) increasing

Wind Tariffs (~USD)

  • Germany: $0.12/kWh (first 5 years); $0.17/kWh offshore
  • France: $0.105/kWh (first 10 years); $0.17/kWh offshore
  • Spain: $0.097/kWh (first 15 years)
  • Ontario: $0.135 CAD/kWh, $0.19 CAD/kWh offshore, $0.145 CAD/kWh community wind (20 years)

Differentiated Tariffs by Resource Intensity Work

  • 60% of new capacity in Germany is in the interior

Typical Yields

  • 7 m/s: 1,000 kWh/m2/yr
  • 9.5 m/s: 2,000 kWh/m2/yr

Swept Area

  • 80 m diameter: 5,000 m2
  • 90 m: 6,500 m2
  • E112: 10,000 m2

Typical AEO

  • 80 m @ 7 m/s: million kWh/yr
  • 90 m @ 7 m/s: 6.5 million kWh/yr
  • E112 @ 7 m/s: 10 million kWh/yr

Land Area Occupied

  • 20 ha/MW
  • 50 a/MW
  • 80-100 m2 of land area/ m2 rotor swept area

Birds Killed in Altamont

  • 2,000-5,000 birds/yr
  • 1,000-1,300 raptors/yr
  • 1.5-2.2 raptors/MW
  • 100 Golden Eagles/yr
  • ~20,000 raptors killed since 1984
  • 35,000 to 100,000 birds killed since 1984

Bats WV

  • 2,000-4,000/yr

Ownership

  • Germany: 50% farmer or cooperative owned
  • The Netherlands: 65% farmer or cooperative owned
  • Denmark: 90% farmer or cooperative owned
  • USA, Spain, UK: 0%

California Wind

  • ~5.6 TWh/yr
  • 1.5-2.5%

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